TYPES OF DENTURES – HOW TO MAKE DENTURES
- TYPES OF DENTURES – HOW TO MAKE DENTURES
- I. WHAT ARE DENTURES?
- II. TYPES OF DENTURES
- IV. HOW TO CLEAN AND GET USED TO DENTURES
- V. HOW LONG DO DENTURES LAST?
- VI. HOW DO WE MAKE DENTURES?
I. WHAT ARE DENTURES?
Dentures (false teeth) are replacements for missing natural teeth. Removable partial dentures are designed to replace a few missing teeth. Full dentures replace all of your teeth, gums, and surrounding tissues. Depending on how many teeth are lost, the dentists will decide whether or not dentures may be necessary.
When teeth are missing, facial muscles can sag over time. By matching each individual’s unique smile and bite, dentures help fill out your facial profile and improve your appearance. They also make it easier to eat, chew and improve speech problems causes by missing teeth
II. TYPES OF DENTURES
There are many different types of dentures available. The type that is best for you depends on your oral health status and lifestyle
1. Conventional Full Dentures
The full dentures, also known as complete dentures, are removable replacements for a patient’s entire set of teeth. They are completely customized and restore the shape and look of natural teeth.
If your chewing functions were not good, dentures also improve mastication, which means you can crush, grind, and eat food normally again. However, if your chewing functions were normal before denture placement, the functions will be much less than with natural teeth or implants because of the lack of anchorage in the bone.
The limitation of this type was found that the patients get speech impediments. This is due to the thickness of the material covering the palate (which is necessary and cannot be thinned). Some patients can adapt to it over time, while others do not.
Besides, this type does not prevent bone shrinkage and sometimes, poorly fitting teeth can contribute to it. Therefore, full dentures are the last option after all other tooth restorations are ineffective.
2. Removable Partial Dentures
When the patient lost a few teeth, the removable partial dentures can be used to replace some missing teeth. These types consist of replacement teeth attached to a gum-colored plastic base. For strength improvement, this type of denture is built on a cast metal framework.
There are two types of removable partial dentures available, including:
- Cast partial dentures : are made of tissue-colored acrylic (gums), replacement teeth, and a metal framework that holds all of the materials together. Dentists recommend these dentures when one or more natural teeth remain in the lower or upper jaw.
- Acrylic partial dentures : are made of acrylic resin and mimic the look and function of natural teeth. They come with or without clasps of wrought wire. Acrylic false teeth are temporary because a patient’s gums entirely support the teeth. Long-term use can lead to gingival recession.
Overdentures are also called implant-retained dentures. This type of dental implant forms a gum-support base onto which a removable denture can be placed. Implant-retained dentures increase stability and improve chewing function better than traditional dentures.
Types of overdentures:
- Ball retained overdenture: an implant-retained option that replaces permanent lower teeth.
- Bar retained overdenture : a bar-shaped implant that supports a full set of false teeth in the lower jaw.
Benefits of overdentures:
- They last a long time
- They provide a functioning set of natural-looking teeth with more comfortability
- They provide better natural biting and chewing surfaces compare with conventional full dentures
4. Temporary dentures (immediate dentures)
After all of a patient’s teeth are extracted, they must wait at least 4 to 8 weeks to give the extraction site and jawbone enough time to heal before false teeth are placed. At this time, removable temporary dentures can be used directly after your natural teeth are extracted.
They are also made from the same materials as conventional dentures. However, immediate dentures usually consist of flimsier material because they are only used temporarily.
Although convenient, immediate dentures are more challenging than traditional dentures because they are not molded specifically to the gums
III. CANDIDATE FOR DENTURES
- Dentures are suitable for all types of patients with significant tooth loss, not depend on age, but more so on the condition of the patient’s teeth.
- However, to use dentures effectively, the patient needs to have enough jawbone structure and healthy gum tissue remaining to support the strength of dentures.
- Dentures are also suitable for people over 65 years of age who usually have no remaining teeth
IV. HOW TO CLEAN AND GET USED TO DENTURES
Food plaque build-up on dentures can lead to bone loss, bad breath, and stomatitis. Another risk factor of uncleaned dentures is a fungal infection called oral thrush. To prevent these conditions, it is essential to practice proper denture care:
-Gently brush the dentures with a soft denture brush to remove plaque every night. Be careful not to let the dentures drop off. It is common for false teeth to break if dropped into the sink or on the floor.
-Soak them in a commercial denture-cleansing liquid overnight. In the morning, brush them again and wear them throughout the day.
Dentures can take time to get used to. To make the process easier, here are some tips for you:
1. Follow dentist instruction
Your dentist or prosthodontist will provide you with aftercare instructions after placement. Make sure you follow these instructions carefully to ensure proper healing and comfort.
If you have removable dentures, refrain from removing them too often. It’s essential to wear them throughout the day so you can get used to them quickly.
2. Consume soft food at first
For the first few days after placement, you should only eat soft foods to prevent additional discomfort.
3. Practice speaking
Practice speaking out loud to exercise your facial muscles and prevent any unwanted speech issues.
4. Clean thoroughly your dentures
Brush your dentures and gums regularly to prevent bacteria buildup and bad breath.
5. Use Denture Adhesive when Necessary
Denture adhesive can be used to soothe any irritation caused by new dentures. However, if you notice that your dentures are not fitting properly, set up an appointment with your dentist.
V. HOW LONG DO DENTURES LAST?
If you take care of dentures properly, they can last till 10 years. Just like natural teeth, dentures become discolored over time. If your dentures chip or crack, they might only need a minor repair. However, if they break, you’ll need to replace them quickly.
VI. HOW DO WE MAKE DENTURES?
At Xdent Dental Outsourcing, the denture fabrication process usually consists of 10 steps:
- We receive the impressions and measurements of the customer’s jaw/teeth.
- A plaster model of your mouth is created using impressions.
- The technician will attach the teeth to your plaster model.
- After placing the fake teeth, the technician will carve and shape the wax to create realistic gum tissue.
- The dentures are placed in the flask and more plaster is poured onto the denture to maintain its shape.
- The flask is placed in boiling water, which rinses away any leftover wax.
- The technician injects acrylic into the flask to replace the wax. To ensure the acrylic doesn’t stick, they will apply a liquid separator onto the plaster.
- The plaster mold is carefully taken out of the denture and any remaining plaster is removed.
- The technician will then trim any excess acrylic and polish it.
- Finally, the dentures are ready to send back to the customer
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Author: Xdent Team